Lying in the northern tip of Kerala bounded by the Western ghats in the east and Arabian sea in the west, twelve rivers flowing across its terrain, Kasaragod is an enchanting beauty of Nature's creations.
Kasargod is full of forts, rivers, hills and beautiful beaches is the most enchanting district of Kerala. Based on physical features, the District falls in to three natural division. The low land, bordering the sea, the mid land consisting of the undulating country and the forest, clad high land on the extreme east. There are mainly four types of soils namely, sandy, sand loam, laterite and hill or forest soil.The sandy and the sandy loam soils exist as a continuous narrow belt all along the Western coast.
There are 12 rivers in this district.The longest is Chandragiri originating from Pattimala in Coorg and embraces the sea at Thalangara, near Kasargod.
The second longest river is Kariankod, across which a dam is being built at Kakkadavu.Other rivers in Kasargod are Shiriya, Uppala, Mogral, Chithari, Nileshwar, Kavvayi, Manjeswar,Kumbala, Bekal and Kalanad are the other rivers.These rivers provide ample irrigation facilities.
The landscape is dominated by the characteristic coconut palms accompanying rolling hills and streams flowing into the sea. The landscape is dotted with tiled-roof buildings, topped with the famous Kasaragod tiles made with the local hard red clay and typically walled with laterite blocks. Older houses are commonly found with elaborate woodwork. Kasargod district consists of two taluks viz., Kasargod and Kanhangad.
The diversity of the physical features results in a corresponding diversity of climate. The climate of the district is classified as warm, humid and tropical. The average maximum temperature is 31.2oC and minimum is 23.6oC.Though the mean maximum temperature is only around 90oF, the heat is oppressive in the moisture laden atmosphere of the plains. Humidity is very high and rises to about 90 percent during the south-west monsoon.
The south west monsoon starts towards the end of May or the beginning of June, heralded by thunder-storms and hold till September when the monsoon fades out.
October-November brings the north-east monsoon.
Dry weather from December to February. March to May is the hot season. The coolest months of the year are January-February.